There are so many skin problems affecting people. Understanding these conditions and knowing their treatments will put you in a good stead in preventing them. Let’s look at the four most common conditions of the skin and how you can treat them and stay free of them.
This is a term used to describe a group of skin conditions that make the skin to become irritated or inflamed. Dermatitis or atopic eczema is the most common type known to man. Atopic is a term used to refer to a collection of diseases with inherited tendency to develop other allergic conditions, like hay fever and asthma. It affects approximately 10% to 20% of infants and just about 3% of children and adults in the United States.
Majority of infants who develop this skin condition normally outgrow it in their tenth year. But others will continue to experience the symptoms of this condition throughout their lives. However, with proper medical care, the condition can most often be controlled.
How Is Eczema Treated
The treatment goal of eczema is to relieve and prevent itching that can cause further infection. Lotions and creams are the best to keep the skin moist since the condition makes the skin dry and itchy. The products are normally applied when the skin is damp, especially after shower to help the skin retain its moisture.
Itching can also be relieved by the use of cold compresses. Products bought over-the counter like hydrocortisone 1% cream and prescription ointments and creams consisting of corticosteroids are more often than not prescribed to reduce inflammation. In addition to this, if the affected area becomes infected, your doctor may advice you to use antibiotics to kill the infection causing bacteria.
Other alternative treatments to this condition include administration of antihistamine to relieve severe itching, tar treatment (these are chemicals that are designed to reduce itching), phototherapy (this is therapy using ultra violet light that is applied to the skin) and the drug cyclosporine which is prescribed for people whose condition does not respond to normal treatment procedures. There are also some natural treatment options available, the Organic Beauty Expert talks about that here: http://theorganicbeautyexpert.com/how-to-get-rid-of-eczema/.
Psoriasis is a common skin disorder that forms thick, bumpy, red patches that are covered with saliva-like scales. These bumpy patches can pop up anywhere on the skin, but most of them appear on the scalp, knees, elbows and lower back. Psoriasis cannot be passed from one person to another. However, it does happen in members from the same family. Normally, it appears in early adulthood. In most people, it only affects a few areas, but it can cover large areas of the body in severe cases. The rashes can sometimes heal only to reappear throughout someone’s life.
fortunately, there are several treatments. Some relieve itching and dry skin while others slow the growth of new skin cells. Basing on the size of your rash, your overall health, your age, where the rash is located on your body and other things, your doctor will prescribe the best treatment method that will suit you. Common treatments include:
- Steroid cream
- Moisturizes for dry skins
- Coal tar (which is a common cure for scalp psoriasis; which is available in shampoos, lotions, as well as shower solutions)
- Vitamin D cream (should be a strong kind prescribed by the doctor; vitamin D in pills and foods does not have effect.)
- Retinoid creams
Rosacea is a common condition of the skin that affects mainly the skin on the face. It causes redness on the cheeks, nose, chin and the forehead. After a fairly long time, the redness may become more intense, taking a ruddy appearance. Blood vessels can become visible. In other cases, Rosacea appears on the neck, back or chest. It can also affect the eyes making them to appear watery, blood short and also causing them to feel irritated. Those who suffer from Rosacea can also develop pus-filled pimples and red solid bumps. This disorder can also cause the nose to take on bulbous, swollen appearance that is called rhinophyma.
Rosacea cure may vary depending on somebody’s sign and symptoms. Treatments include:
- Medications. In some cases, doctors prescribe oral and also topical medications to cure the condition’s associated pimples, bumps and redness. Medication will keep the condition under check and keep it in remission (disappearance signs and symptoms).
- Surgical procedures. Doctors can as well remove visible blood vessels, reduce the amount of extensive redness on the skin’s surface or in some cases, correct the nose disfigurement.
In as much as there is no prevention measures to the condition, victims can increase their chances of maintaining remission by recognizing and keeping off from the environmental factors and lifestyles that trigger rosacea flare-ups. Some of the triggers include:
- Sun or wind exposure.
- Emotional stress.
- Extreme hot or cold weather.
- Heavy exercise.
- Alcohol drinking, especially red wine.
- Hot food and beverages.
- Spicy food.
It is also commonly referred to as common acne. Almost everybody suffers from outbreak of pimples at some point in life. It begins when the greasy secretions from the sebaceous gland (oil glands) in the skin plugs the small openings of hair follicles (plugged pores). In cases where the openings are large, the clogs assume the shape of blackheads: flat, small spots with dark centers. On the other hand, if the openings stay small, the clogs assume the shape of whiteheads: small, flesh colored bumps.
All the types of clogged pores can change to tender, swollen pimples or inflammations or deeper lumps or nodules. Nodules that are associated with extreme cases of acne (cystic acne) are swellings below the skin’s surface that are firm, and are inflamed, tender and at times infected.
Even though acne remains predominantly an adolescent affair, approximately 20% of all the cases happen in adults. Acne usually begins at puberty, ranging from the age of 10 to 13. It worsens in people with oily skin. Acne in teens usually last for five to ten years, and disappears as one approaches twentieth birthday. It occurs in all genders, though male teenagers tend to have extreme cases.
Females in their 30’s and beyond, are more likely than males to suffer from mild to moderate forms. Acne lesions are common on the face, and can also occur around the neck, shoulders, chest and upper arms.
The treatment largely depends on the type of acne. In some cases, your doctor may combine treatments in order to achieve the best result, and also to avoid developing a drug resisting bacteria. Treatment may include gels or lotions, applied on the blemishes or the entire areas of the skin like the chest or back. You can also take oral medicine.